Bible Characters – Early Christianity
Athanasius is known as the "Father of Orthodoxy." He made the official list of which books should be included in the New Testament.
Docetism was a refinement of Gnosticism. Its followers believed that Jesus' body was an illusion and that he was wholly spiritual.
The Ebionates were early followers of Jesus who believed he was the Messiah the Jewish people had expected to come.
Eusebius lived when Constantine persecuted and martyred many Christians. Thankfully he survived and went on to write a thorough history of the early Church. He also passionately spoke against the discrimination of the Arians.
First Century Gnosticism
The Gnostics believe matter was evil and spirit was good.
The Jerusalem Council
The Jerusalem Council decided whether the Jews who were becoming Christians would need to be circumcised to convert completely.
Manichaeism, a popular religion in the fifth century, was about the battle between light and darkness, evil and good.
Conflict arose because of the question of whether Gentiles needed to be circumcised to be full Christians, since the Jews were always required to be circumcised. Paul was on the side that said the Gentiles didn't need to be circumcised.
Second Generation Paulinists
Paulinists studied Paul and his followers' writings. They thought of Jesus as a redeemer and great reconciler.
Simon and Peter were intense rivals until Simon challenged Peter's authority and fell out of the sky.
Jerome's most important contribution to Christianity was the Vulgate translation. He is known as the patron saint of librarians and translators.
Valentinus was an eloquent man who wrote extensively about his theological beliefs, which include many elements of Gnosticism.